A doctorate is an independent research project, in which the doctoral student is supported by a supervisor.
It consists of two parts:
- completion of a dissertation or doctoral thesis (comprehensive academic paper) presenting the research methods and results
- an oral examination.
Both parts must be completed successfully to obtain a doctoral degree. Doctorates usually take 3-4 years to complete.
JGU offers different types of doctorates:
- Individual doctorate under the guidance of one supervisor only
- Bi-national doctorates under the joint supervision of two doctoral advisors from two different countries and a jointly awarded doctoral title (Co-tutelle de these)
- Structured doctorate with additional integration into a structured training program. A list of all structured programs with links to their respective home pages can be found here.