A doctorate is an independent research project, in which the doctoral student is supported by a supervisor.

It consists of two parts:

  • completion of a dissertation or doctoral thesis (comprehensive academic paper) presenting the research methods and results
  • an oral examination.

Both parts must be completed successfully to obtain a doctoral degree. Doctorates usually take 3-4 years to complete.

JGU offers different types of doctorates:

  • Individual doctorate under the guidance of one supervisor only
  • Bi-national doctorates under the joint supervision of two doctoral advisors from two different countries and a jointly awarded doctoral title (Co-tutelle de these)
  • Structured doctorate with additional integration into a structured training program. A list of all structured programs with links to their respective home pages can be found here.

Further information: